|Victory or Bolshevism|
The full article can be downloaded as a PDF here, but I have posted some excerpts below. It's fascinating that people saw a Great Pogrom against the Jews coming years in advance, and curious that it ultimately centred in Germany, not Russia.
Sarolea is sympathetic to the Jews, and makes excuses for them, but his acknowledgement of the extent of Jewish involvement in Bolshevism would be enough to get him hounded from public life today, and probably prosecuted for hate speech to boot.
I HAVE now come to the last, the most delicate and the most complicated aspect, of my Russian argument-namely the position of tho Jews in relation to Bolshevism, I earnestly desire to avoid writing one single line which might tend to inflame a festering wound. But it is no use denying that the festering wound is there. And it is in the interest of the Jewish people themselves that we should make a close and impartial investigation of what must be admitted to be a painful and, indeed, a tragic problem. It would be both a dangerous, an unnecessary and a futile policy, either to ignore or to distort the truth. It would be a dangerous policy, because such a conspiracy of silence or a conspiracy of lies would amount to a confession of guilt. It would be an unnecessary policy, for the mass of the Jewish people cannot be made responsible for the crimes of a small minority. They can no more be made responsible for the actions of Trotski and Zinoviev and Padek than the French people could be held responsible for the actions of Robespierre and Marat. It would also be a perfectly futile policy. It would be as futile to deny the predominant part played by the Jews in the world Revolution as it would be to deny the predominant part which the Jews played in the diffusion of Christianity. We have simply to admit the fact that the Bolshevist Revolution has been largely engineered by men belonging to the Jewish race. We have to face the further fact that the deeds committed by those men have roused fierce vindictive passions in the hearts of the Russian people, and that those passions in the immediate future may threaten millions of innocent Jews with terrible reprisals. I seem still to hear ringing in my ears the gruesome prophecy made to me three years ago by the most illustrious Jew of Germany, himself a victim to anti-Semitic fanaticism. After many discussions with the late Mr Rathenau, I asked him one night what would be, in his opinion, the end of the Russian tragedy. His reply was:—“ There can be little doubt that the end of the Russian tragedy will be the most appalling pogrom which has ever taken place in the history of the Jewish race."
That the Jews have played a leading part in the Bolshevist upheaval and are still playing-a leading part in the Bolshevist Government is a proposition which no one will deny who has taken the trouble to study Russian affairs at first hand. I am quite ready to admit with Dr Salis Daiches that the Jewish leaders are only an infinitesimal fraction, even as the British rulers in India are an infinitesimal fraction. But it is none the less true that those few Jewish leaders are the masters of Russia, even, as the 1500 Anglo-Indian Civil Servants are the masters of India. For any traveller in Russia to deny such a truth would be to deny the evidence of his own senses. When you find that out of a large number of important Foreign Office officials who you have met all but two are Jews, you are entitled to say that the Jews are running the Russian Foreign Office. When you find that Trotski is both Commander-in-Chief and the organiser of the Red Army you are entitled to say that he is running the War Office. When you find that in the Congress of the Third International all the debates from beginning to end are directed by Zinoviev and Radek you are entitled to say that those two Jewish Bolshevists are running the Third International. When you find that the same Zinoviev is also the omnipotent Dictator of Petrograd, that he was also the Chairman of the Congress of Baku which declared the Holy War against Great Britain, when you further find that the above-mentioned Radek is the ubiquitous agitator and the chief of the Bolshevist Propaganda Department, when you discover at the same time that the leaders in every other Bolshevist Revolution, in Budapest, in Bavaria, are invariably Jews, you arc driven to the conclusion that men belonging to the Jewish race have been the protagonists of the Russian drama.
And, unfortunately, not only have men belonging to the Jewish race played a very large part both in the beginning, and in the development of the Bolshevist Revolution, but they have also been the chief participators In some of the worst crimes of that Revolution. In the Annals of Terrorism there are four names which-stand out in sinister isolation—Jankel Yourowski, the monster, who shot down the twelve members of the Imperial Family in the cellars of the Elpatinski House in Yekaterinburg, including the four young daughters of the Tsar; Moses Uritski, the first executioner-in-chief of the Tscheka! Bela Kun, the Butcher of Budapest and of the Crimea; Djerdjinski, the present Inquisitor-General of the Tcheka. Of those four names there is not one who is a Russian. One of the four is a Pole: the three others happen to be Jews.
...If the Bolshevist Government decided to eliminate all its Jewish members, would it be possible to find other leaders to take the place of the Jews? The answer would have to be in the negative. There is no room for the Russian aristocracy in the Bolshevist Government, even if the nobility had not been massacred or exiled. There is no room for the Russian bourgeoisie, for Bolshevism; is essentially an antibourgeois movement. And even if it were not anti-bourgeois, there exists no strong middle class in the Russian Empire. Any Bolshevist Government must therefore fall back-on the Jews and recruit its adherents from amongst the Jews. All sections except the Jews are counter-revolutionists. The Jews "alone" have-the revolutionary tradition, the revolutionary temperament. They alone profess the Marxian creed, which itself had been established by two Jewish leaders, Ferdinand Lassalle and Karl Marx.
...Wherever there is widespread distress it is, an invariable human instinct to try and find a scapegoat. The Russian victims of Bolshevism have fastened on the Jew as the scapegoat. The result all over Russia and Central Europe has been an alarming recrudescence of anti-Semitic feeling. To-day it-is about the only feeling which unites the Russians of all classes and of all parties. The peasantry hate the Jew because they make him responsible for the ruin of Russian, agriculture, and because, as the peasants themselves in the early days of the Revolution have been guilty of many excesses, they would like to shift on Jewish shoulders the responsibility of their own crimes. The Church sees in the Jews the champions of Atheism. The, aristocracy see in the Jews the instigators of the excesses committed by the peasantry, the receivers of stolen property, the chief profiteers as well as the authors of the universal spoliation. Even the Socialists, who realise that the Revolution has been a ghastly Failure, make the Jews responsible for.that failure. Anti-Semitism is rampant even in the ranks of the Communist party, of the 'Red Bureaucracy,' and of the Red Army. When the Day of Judgment comes some of the worst enemies of the Jews will be found amongst their Russian Bolshevist accomplices. They will turn King’s evidence; they will try to divert the anger of the mob from their own crimes, and turn it against the Jews.
...The most casual conversation with the “man in the street” will convince the traveller of the intensity of this universal anti-Semitic passion. Even educated, humane, and Christian people again and again would tell you that the wholesale extermination of the Jewish race-men, women, and children was an essential, condition of the recovery of Russia. When I protested in horror against such monstrous sentiments, which out-Heroded the methods of Herod, my Russian friends would calmly reply, using the very same reasons as the wretches who slaughtered the Tsar’s family, that if Jewish women-and children were to be spared the whole thing would have to be done over again in the coming-generation—that the only security for Russia was to make a clean job of it, and to extirpate once and for all the Jewish cancer from the Russian body politic.